Faux fur is a fabric that is meant to mirror fur’s overall look and texture. It’s a pile fabric that’s made out of polymeric fibers that are cut, treated and dyed in order to reproduce the exact hue and texture of genuine fur for a faux fur blanket, coat, ear muffs or wrap. Faux fur has existed in one form or another since the late 1920s but the present modern technology has made it trickier than before to tell it from the real thing.
Faux Fur History
The reason that faux fur was first created was because real fur was so pricy and not readily available to everyone. The first synthetic furs were produced from a South American mammal known as the alpaca. These primary versions were not really high-quality, generally being in either a tan or greyish color and nowhere near as soft as real fur. Nevertheless, they did obtain the primary goal, which was to manufacture a cost-effective and insulating alternative to genuine furs. From that point onwards, producers tried their best to improve on the fake fur by making it have a fuller appearance, feel smoother to the touch and arrive in many more colors.
It wasn’t until 1940 that the overall quality of fake furs was improved thanks to the improvements in textile generation. The modern equivalent of fake furs didn’t release until the mid-1950s when acrylic polymers superceded alpaca hair. The value of acrylic polymers was that they could provide the volume that was needed to truly replicate actual fur without the need of the weight that had come to be associated with several other faux fur fabrics.
In order to make faux fur blankets or anything else composed of synthetic fur, the synthetic material have to be created. Even though there are a variety of polymers that are used in the process, a reasonable example of the fiber making operation is what is known as a modacrylic polymer. At first vinyl chloride and acrylonitrile monomers are put together within a large vessel, and the mix is then extruded into a heated, pressurized chamber.
A mixer constantly stirs the elements and in due course the polymerization process begins and generates a powder-like white resin. Once that material has been mixed in acetone it turns into a thicker liquid. The liquid polymer will then be processed through a filter in an effort to rid it of any remaining contaminants. Once that is finished the liquid is extruded through spinnerets, which are similar to strainers or shower heads, and placed into a water bath When the polymer has been extruded, it looks like endless fibers that are known as a tow.
The tow is fastened to a conveyer belt and stretched out using numerous pulleys. After the tow has been stretched out, it’s washed, dried and directed through a special machine that slices the continual fibers into the correct sizes. They are then meticulously examined for quality, and are then soaked in various dyes until they are the desired color.
Fresh fibers and treatments are still being made to advance faux fur. Polymer fibers continue to be improving in feel and overall look, as well as value. Research has also gone into generating faux furs more quickly and more easily. If you’ve been thinking about obtaining a product made of faux fur but are concerned about it not looking and feeling like the real thing, rest assured that faux fur may actually look and feel better than authentic fur.